Page 2 – The People of Chinnor, and their Work
Table 1 shows the population changes in Chinnor over the past 200 years. The figures for 1771, 1941 and 1965 are estimates; other figures are taken from Census reports, and refer to parish populations. Until early in the present century, Emmington and Chinnor were two separate parishes; about 50 people should be added to the nineteenth century populations to compare them with the mid twentieth century population figures.
A house-to-house survey was conducted in the main village areas of Chinnor and Oakley in October, 1965. The survey covered one quarter of the actual number of dwellings in the village area. From this survey, the information contained in Tables 2, 3, 4 and 6 was compiled, and the population given in Table 1 was estimated from it.
Table 2 illustrates the marked influx of families into new housing estates within the past year. The estates referred to are the major ones which have broken into new ground; they do not include odd houses or groups of houses along existing road frontages. Average household sizes are relatively high among all families who have arrived during the past 15 years.
Table 3 shows the places from which Chinnor’s more recent immigrants have come. 40% of the people have come from Buckinghamshire, the majority of them from the south of the County. People have come from towns like Wycombe, Chesham and Slough because houses are relatively cheap and easily available in Chinnor. Almost 30% of the new immigrants have come from the London area for the same reasons, combined with a desire to live in the country, and over half of the London people have come within the past 12 months. Chinnor has filled a small but steady local need for homes for people from nearby villages in Oxfordshire or Buckinghamshire, and people from all parts of the country who have moved their jobs to nearby towns, particularly High Wycombe, have found suitable homes in Chinnor.
Over half Chinnor’s working population have jobs in Chinnor itself or in nearby work-places, such as Molins at Saunderton. Many more have jobs at High Wycombe, and there are increasing numbers of commuters to London (see Table 4).
Chinnor itself offers employment opportunities in shops, public houses, petrol filling stations and repair garages, as well as in agriculture and industry. Chinnor’s industries spring from local resources – chalk for the cement works, and wood for timber yards and saw-mills. Table 5 shows the results of a survey of employment establishments in Chinnor. People working outside Chinnor have jobs in a very wide range of service employments and manufacturing industries, ranging from labouring jobs to administrative and professional posts.